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For most people, buying a diamond is a new experience, but that doesn't mean it should be overwhelming. Understanding a diamond's quality characteristics is straightforward and simple. Mined4Me's diamond education is designed to answer all your questions. It explains a diamond's characteristics, how those characteristics influence appearance, and which are more important than others. In just a few minutes you'll know everything you need to know to find your perfect diamond.

CUT

  • Cut is a diamond's most important characteristic.
  • It has the greatest overall influence on a diamond's beauty
  • It determines what we generally think of as sparkle

Our gemologists recommend selecting the highest cut grade within your budget. The reason is simple: of the Four Cs, no other characteristic has a greater influence on a diamond's appearance.

A diamond's cut grade is an objective measure of a diamond's light performance, or, what we generally think of as sparkle. When a diamond is cut with the proper proportions, light is returned out of the top of the diamond (which gemologists refer to as the table). If it is cut too shallow, light leaks out of the bottom; too deep and it escapes out of the side.

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CLARITY

  • Clarity is a measure of the number and size of the tiny imperfections that occur in almost all diamonds.
  • Many of these imperfections are microscopic, and do not affect a diamond's beauty in any discernible way.

Much is made of a diamond's clarity, but of the Four Cs, it is the easiest to understand, and, according to many experts, generally has the least impact on a diamond's appearance. Clarity simply refers to the tiny, natural imperfections that occur in all but the nest diamonds. Gemologists refer to these imperfections by a variety of technical names, including blemishes and inclusions, among others. Diamonds with the least and smallest imperfections receive the highest clarity grades. Because these imperfections tend to be microscopic, they do not generally affect a diamond's beauty in any discernible way

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COLOUR

  • Color refers to a diamond's lack of color, grading the whiteness of a diamond.
  • A color grade of D is the highest possible, while Z is the lowest

Color manifests itself in a diamond as a pale yellow. This is why a diamond's color grade is based on its lack of color. The less color a diamond has, the higher its color grade. After cut, color is generally considered the second most important characteristic when selecting a diamond. This is because the human eye tends to detect a diamond's sparkle (light performance) first, and color second.

At Mined4Me, you'll find diamonds with different color graded.

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CARAT WEIGHT

  • Carat is specifically a measure of a diamond's weight, and by itself may not accurately reflect a diamond's size.
  • We tend to evaluate diamond size by viewing it from the top because that is how diamonds are presented to us when set into a ring.
  • To understand diamond size, carat weight should be considered in conjunction with two other criteria:
    • - Distance in millimeters across the top of the diamond.
    • - Diamond's cut grade.
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